Date
May 2, 2021
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Philipp Aduatz in collaboration with the Austrian manufacturer incremental3d designed the ‘3D printed gradient furniture collection’ using 3D printed concrete.

3D concrete printing is a new and innovative fabrication technology that allows to print very large and complex structures in construction and design in a very short time period. The advantages are not only from ecological and economic reasons, no extensive mould production is necessary, but also from new aesthetic qualities.

As part of a research project, incremental3d is currently exploring the dyeing of concrete. The strategy is to apply dye during the printing process directly into the nozzle and therefore reduce workload, waste and time delay. This allows a coloured design in concrete applied locally point by point and not globally, like it used to be before only possible.

Incremental3d and Philipp Aduatz have developed a new collection of benches, a chair and a large vase using 3D concrete printing

Incremental3d teamed up with designer Philipp Aduatz to further evolve its technology by the implementation of the developed research in product design. Together they developed a new collection of benches, a chair and a large vase. By the application of a gradient and the exploration of possible shapes through an interactive working method, they developed an approach to exercise the design process throughout 3D concrete printing.

Another challenge during the product development for this project was to develop a suitable reinforcement technology to provide the load capacity for the design language. Concrete is by its nature a material with very little tensile strength; therefore, it should be reinforced. In this case, a customized semi-automatic strategy was developed. The required payloads had been calculated, tested and proved by the high performance of steel. This was visually perfectly integrated into the design.

Discover other ways designers are applying 3D printing in their work, don’t miss 3D printing ceramics: Hilda Nilsson discloses the challenges behind a “phygital” production method.

“For many years, I have been obsessed by the concept of a gradient which reflects elegance and harmony to me” – Philipp Aduatz

3D Printed Gradient Vase

The inspiration and tool for the design of the Gradient Vase was subdivision modeling, a computer graphics technique that generates a surface by the representation of a coarser polygonal mesh using a recursive algorithmic method.

One-half of the Gradient Vase shows the polygonal mesh which works as a functional limit and inner mesh. The other half shows the curved surface generated by an iterative process of subdividing the polygonal faces into smaller faces till the coarse mesh transforms into a smooth and elegant surface.

The Gradient

An image gradient refers to the change of intensity of color within an image. In image processing, the gradient of an image is one of the fundamental building blocks.

For many years, I have been obsessed by the concept of a gradient which reflects elegance and harmony to me. I believe that the gradient is, in regards to the perception of the environment and its digital reflection, a fundamental design principle,” explains Philipp Aduatz.

It has a mathematical aesthetic and precision that I have always been admiring. With this project, I want to combine the design of the gradient with different functional objects by the use of innovative fabrication technologies.”

Fascinated by 3d printing? Let us tell you about 3D printed electronics.

“I want to combine the design of the gradient with different functional objects by the use of innovative fabrication technologies” – Philipp Aduatz
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