The Inside-out house revives historical essence through influencing contemporary corners

The old city of Ahmedabad has been an inspirational sight for designers from all around the world. Similarly, the Inside-out house, designed by architect Arpan Shah, has adapted the reinterpretation of old city dwellings in a present-day architecture trend.

The old city of Ahmedabad has enriching historical roots in which the pols (housing clusters), have been of particular interest for its architecture. The clusters had a main street leading to houses connected through open courts, in a cluster as well as in the house, depending on the level of society.

In pols, social connections were more of significance than privacy as they were often secured with a main gateway. Elements such as; chawks (open courts), otlas (porch seating), and openings into narrow internal streets were the essence of togetherness in pols. The space formations in pols became the core of the Inside-out house, exploring the archetype courts of the old dwellings.

The house is a creative collaboration comprising the design team of Ar Arpan Shah, Ar Sandeep Biswas, Ar Kankshita Pandit, Anar Gunjaria Interiors, Bhoomi Consultants, Studio 2+2, and Jhaveri Consultants.

Inside-out house - outdoor
The Back Bay comprising of all bedrooms and informal spaces facing the backyard garden – ©Ishita Sitwala

The house stands on a five thousand square yard plot where the client wanted well-ventilated spaces and all the bedrooms overlooking the backyard garden, retaining as many existing trees as possible. Therefore, the entire house planning is compact enough to have long and sizable scenic vistas for the bedrooms.

The design process began by mapping existing Mango and Chickoo trees on-site and generating primary stage schematics encircling them. Consequently, the final layouts explored two axes consisting of central courtyards and open spaces weaving the trees.

With nature, it is possible to improve the built environment… Find out more in this guide to biophilic design inspired by the work of social ecologist Stephen Kellert.

Inside-out house - entrance
A fifteen feet long cantilevered entrance porch seems floating along with the mass around – ©Anar Gunjaria

Upon arrival, you enter in vestibule opening up straight to the open court that seamlessly merges into the backyard garden through a semi-covered space. The courtyards are the soul of the house that divides the house into several bays; the front, center, and back. All the spaces are connecting through a passage revolving around these courtyards, recalling the old dwelling formations.

Introducing these dual courtyards was the most challenging aspect of the design, considering security concerns says the architect.

Inside-out house - vestibule
The vestibule opening up to the outer court which extends to the backyard garden – ©Ishita Sitwala

The frontal bay is a single floor that has a formal living room, kitchen, and dining, along with the vestibule. The central bay comprises of three courtyards; the outer court, inner court, and a small court which is an extension of the dining area, having an existing mango tree.

Inside-out house - inner court
The inner court signifies a typical traditional dwelling courtyard connecting all the spaces around through peripheral semi-covered passage – ©Ishita Sitwala

As you move further from the vestibule, the passage leads to the inner court, expanding the axis. The inner court generates a sense of piece while the rest of the surrounding spaces occupy chaotic activities. The minimal landscape design perfectly fits the charm of the sensibility of the space.

 two levels
The second floor is designed to host the private spaces – ©Ishita Sitwala

From the front bay, the mass gets built-up to the upper level where private spaces, the bedrooms, take place. The entire house design showcases fine work of exposed concrete with a wood pattern printed in the exterior and engineered wood for doors and windows. There are full-height glass windows to let natural light in and adding to the Inside-out theme.

The perspective offers two main axis views opening up to courts and backyard garden – ©Anar Gunjaria

For the security purpose, the architect introduced operable louvers which can stay open even in the night for natural ventilation. Whereas, for privacy, there are screens made of corten steel and wood. The entire house has laminated glass for safety and wooden paneling in the bedrooms for further privacy.

The semi-covered verandah is the most vital space of the Inside-out house acting as a leisure spot and invoking togetherness – ©Ishita Sitwala

Amongst numerous compelling spaces, the semi-covered verandah is the most vital one in the house. As you enter the house, the verandah comes in the sight, extending the view to the garden behind. Interestingly, the placement of the verandah acts as part of the house yet being part of the exterior as well.

How can architecture bring people back to nature? Get a hint by exploring the Chinese architecture office Wiki World, shaping hands-on building experiences as a joyful practice dating back to primitive times.

The placement of the verandah acts as part of the house yet being part of the exterior as well – ©Ishita Sitwala
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